Douglas rae the political consequences of electoral laws pdf

Electoral laws and the japanese party system springerlink. A note on the fractionalization of some european party. The political consequences of electoral laws in latin america and the caribbean this article revisits arend lijpharts 1990 reanalysis of douglas raes k. The political consequences of electoral laws was pub lished in 1967, it was almost instantly rec ognized as a great scholarly breakthrough. Electoral laws and their political consequences keywords. The political consequences of electoral laws new haven, conn. A second edition was published in 1971, and it has maintained its stellar reputation as the most important book in the field of comparative electoral systems ever since. Rae yale university press new haven wikipedia citation please see wikipedias template documentation for further citation fields that may be required.

The need to modify duvergers law to allow for differing patterns of two. The political consequences of electoral laws, 194585. Kae found electoral laws to have a noticeable impact on the party systems of the european nations he examined. In preparing this chapter i received generous assistance particularly from two colleagues. Drafting electoral laws is a critical undertaking and should take care to use plain language where possible and avoid conflicting references, usually, major changes to electoral laws cannot be undertaken if the electoral process is about to begin. Rae 197 1 the political consequences of electoral laws. Electoral laws as political consequences explaining. Constitutional frameworks and democratic consolidation. The political consequences of electoral laws hardcover january 1, 1967 by douglas rae author 5.

Electoral laws and their political consequences representation, vol 1 by bernard grofman, arend lijphart et al. Electoral law politics in west germany, political studies. The aim of this book is to provide an overview of recent research on electoral laws and their political consequences by scholars who have helped shape the field. The findings of this study concur with much of lijpharts analysis. Riker, duvergers law revisited, in bernard grofman and. The political consequences of electoral laws in latin america. The mechanical effect of electoral systems describes how the electoral rules constrain.

If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. Douglas rae in the 1960s produced the following findings. The analysis gives strong support to the hypotheses that political party configurations dominated by a few parties tend to establish majority rule electoral systems, while multiparty systems already existed before the introduction of proportional representation. An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Rae s the political consequences of electoral laws was published in 1967, it was almost instantly recognized as a great scholarly breakthrough.

Electoral laws and their political consequences, 1986. Since these relationships are found in any political system with institutionalized, partisan elections the liberal democraciesthis crossnational strategy seems appropriate. Douglas rae, the political consequences of electoral laws new haven, conn yale university press, 1967. However in the political consecccs of electoral laws. The political consequences of electoral laws, 1945. Election laws, disproportionality and median correspondence. Yale university press, 1967 feel free to contribute with a summary under comments. The polemicists for proportional representation at organizations like fair vote ontario. Unknown electoral laws and their political consequences created date. Their organization and activity in the modern state new york wiley, 1963. Electoral laws as political consequences explaining the. Lindberg department of political science, lund university, po box 52, lund 221 00, sweden abstract based on an original data set of elections in africa, this article addresses the orthodoxy of theoretical hypotheses regarding the e. The politics of electoral systems, including, notably, nonwest european countries such as russia, hungary, india, south africa, and chile.

Rae and michael taylor, the analysis of political cleavages. This study analyzes relationships between electoral laws and political party systems on a crossnational scale. He has published widely, including the prizewinning political consequences of electoral laws yale university press, 1967, equalities. These rules govern all aspects of the voting process. A proportional representation pr system creates electoral conditions that foster the development of many parties, whereas a plurality system marginalizes smaller political parties, generally resulting in a. This article revisits arend lijpharts 1990 reanalysis of douglas raes k. The effects and determinants of electoral systems new haven, conn yale university press, 1989. Raes the political consequences of electoral laws was published in 1967, it was almost instantly recognized as a great scholarly breakthrough. Professor banno junji of the university of tokyo institute of social science not only lent me the original copy of his masters thesis on electoral laws and party politics in midmeiji japan, but also drew my attention to minobe tatsukichis 1930 article on a related topic. Douglas whiting rae born 1939 is a political scientist and richard ely professor of political. A proportional representation pr system creates electoral conditions that foster the development of many parties, whereas a plurality system marginalizes smaller political parties, generally resulting in a twoparty system. The impact of raes work on the way in which electoral systems are now studied is clear. Rae, the political consequences of electoral laws, new haven. The bedrock in which the political consequences of electoral laws are grounded consists of a twofold process, which duverger delineated as two forces working together.

Yale university press, 1967 election law 173 pages. The political consequences of electoral laws, 194585 arend. A critique, reanalysis, and update of raes classic study, paper for the world congress of the international political science association washington, d. The politics of electoral systems semantic scholar. Rae, the political consequences of electoral laws new haven, 1967. To begin an examination of the effects of electoral laws on registered voters, we must start with a model of the electorate. The political consequences of electoral laws rae, douglas w on. This article revisits arend lijpharts 1990 reanalysis of douglas raes the political consequences of electoral laws 1971 using data from latin america and. After several decades of virtual neglect except for douglas raes seminal work, the comparative study of electoral systems is undergoing a lively revival. A systematic analysis of the relationships between the main electoral system variables electoral formula, district magnitude, and ballot structure and electoral outcomes the degrees of disproportionality and multipartism in the 20 western democracies from 1945 to 1985representing 32 distinct electoral systems an electoral system being defined as a set of elections held under basically.

The political consequences of electoral laws rae, douglas on. This article revisits arend lijpharts 1990 reanalysis of douglas raes the political consequences of electoral laws 1971 using data from latin america and the caribbean. However, contrary to lijphart, a positive relationship was found between disproportionality and multipartism for pr systems. Whilst aiming to explain different causal processes with the former treating electoral systems as an independent and the latter as the dependent variable, the two areas are intimately linked by the way in which electoral system choices are political constructs maintained or changed by democratically elected.

Rae has sought to test the traditional hypotheses about electoral systems with voting data from post. Pol sci 335 comparative political systems spring 2019 online course professor hong min park email. The political consequences of electoral laws in latin. Political electoral systems are organized by governments, while nonpolitical elections may take place in business, nonprofit organisations and informal organisations. The political consequences of electoral laws, by douglas w. Its parties that choose electoral systems or, duvergers. The political consequences of electoral laws douglas w. Arend lijphart, electoral systems and party systems g.

He has published widely, including the prizewinning political consequences of electoral laws yale university press, 1967, equalities harvard. A similar pattern of competition between two locally strong parties, which might be different parties in different parts of the country, persists. Election laws, disproportionality and median correspondence 385 as such would therefore be inappropriate for normative evaluations of electoral systems from a majoritarian point of view. Rein taagepera and markku laakso, proportionality profiles of west european electoral systems, european journal of political research, 8. Berinsky massachusetts institute of technology a number of electoral reforms have been enacted in the united states in the past three decades. The politics of electoral systems and its predecessors are particularly helpful in providing and highlighting the details of electoral systems that comparative analyticalstudiesareforced toneglect. Perhaps his most seminal work, the political consequences of electoral laws 1967, 2nd ed.

This article revisits arend lijpharts 1990 reanalysis of douglas rae s the political consequences of electoral laws 1971 using data from latin america and the caribbean. Rae, the political consequences of electoral laws, new haven 1971. Duvergers law draws from a model of causality from the electoral system to a party system. A note on the fractionalization of some european party systems. The political consequences of electoral laws in latin america and. Douglas rae, the political consequences of electoral laws. Since these relationships are found in any political system with institutionalized, partisan electionsthe liberal democraciesthis crossnational strategy seems appropriate. Such a prohibition aims at preserving political stability and legal certainty. Rae, the political consequences of electoral laws, 2d ed. Accordingly, i have tried to isolate those relationships between electoral laws and party systems which.

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